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PsychEd: educational psychiatry podcast

Oct 31, 2020

Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This episode covers Immigrant and Refugee mental health with not one, not two but three experts in the field: Dr. Lisa Andermann, Dr. Clare Pain, and Norma Hannant.


The learning objectives for this episode are as follows:


By the end of this episode, you should be able to:

  1. Explore the social, political and legal context of refugees and immigrants presenting with mental health concerns:
  2. Appreciate the specific mental health needs of refugee and immigrant populations in Canada.
  3. Describe the clinical approach to providing mental health care for this population:

Produced and Hosted by: Dr. Sarah Hanafi (PGY 3), Weam Sieffien (CC3), and Shaoyuan (Randi) Wang (CC3)


Produced by: Dr. Sarah Hanafi (PGY 3), Weam Sieffien (CC3), and Shaoyuan (Randi) Wang (CC3)


Guest experts: Dr. Lisa Andermann, Dr. Clare Pain, Norma Hannant 



  1. Edmonston, B. (2016). Canadian immigration trends and patterns. Canadian Studies in Population, 43(1-2), 78-116. 
  2. Duffin, E. (2020). Immigration in Canada - Statistics & Facts. Statista. Retrieved 2020-06-16 from
  3. Statistics Canada. (2019). Classification of admission category of immigrant. Retrieved 2020-06-16 from
  4. Robert, A. & Gilkinson, T. (2012). Mental health and well-being of recent immigrants in Canada: Evidence from the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada. Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Retrieved 2020-06-16 from
  5. Ng, E. (2015). The healthy immigrant effect and mortality rates. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2020-06-16 from
  6. Immigrant and Refugee Mental Health Project. (n.d.). Retrieved from
  7. Stats Canada 2016
  8. Stats Canada 2017
  9. Blair AH, Schneeberg A. Changes in the ‘healthy migrant effect’ in Canada: are recent immigrants healthier than they were a decade ago?. Journal of immigrant and minority health. 2014 Feb 1;16(1):136-42
  10. Vang Z, Sigouin J, Flenon A, Gagnon A. The healthy immigrant effect in Canada: A systematic review. Population Change and Lifecourse Strategic Knowledge Cluster Discussion Paper Series/Un Réseau stratégique de connaissances Changements de population et parcours de vie Document de travail. 2015;3(1):4.
  11. Close C, Kouvonen A, Bosqui T, Patel K, O’Reilly D, Donnelly M. The mental health and wellbeing of first generation migrants: a systematic-narrative review of reviews. Globalization and health. 2016 Dec;12(1):47.
  12. Kirmayer LJ, Narasiah L, Munoz M, Rashid M, Ryder AG, Guzder J, Hassan G, Rousseau C, Pottie K. Common mental health problems in immigrants and refugees: general approach in primary care. Cmaj. 2011 Sep 6;183(12):E959-67
  13. Betancourt, J.R., Green, A.R., Carrillo, J.E., & Ananeh-Firempong, O. (2003). Defining cultural competence: A practical framework for addressing racial/ethnic disparities in health and health care. Public Health Reports, 118, 293-302.
  14. Harris, M. & Fallot, R.D. (2001). Envisioning a Trauma-informed service system: A vital paradigm shift. New Directions in Mental Health Services, 89, 3-22.
  15. Chen AW, Kazanjian A, Wong H. Why do Chinese Canadians not consult mental health services: health status, language or culture?. Transcultural psychiatry. 2009 Dec;46(4):623-41.
  16. Durbin A, Lin E, Moineddin R, Steele LS, Glazier RH. Use of mental health care for nonpsychotic conditions by immigrants in different admission classes and by refugees in Ontario, Canada. Open Medicine. 2014;8(4):e136.
  17. Hansson, E., Tuck, A., Lurie, S., and McKenzie, K. for the Task Group of the Services Systems Advisory Committee, Mental Health Commission of Canada.  (2010). Improving mental health services for immigrant, refugee, ethno-cultural and racialized groups: Issues and options for service improvement. Available:
  18. Paniagua, F. (2014). Assessing and Treating Culturally Diverse Clients: A Practical Guide. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage

CPA Note: The views expressed in this podcast do not necessarily reflect those of the Canadian Psychiatric Association.


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